Pablo Picasso, born in Spain, was known as an artist who invented new methods and styles of art.
Guernica by Picasso
He had a very big influence on art from his lifetime up to the present. Picasso was born in 1881 and lived to be 92. Throughout his long life, he created and experimented with art techniques.
Three Musicians by Picasso
Collage of Picasso
He is credited with being a founder or an important part of multiple new styles of art, such as Cubism and collage art. Unlike many artists, he achieved fame and even fortune within his lifetime. Our artwork of the week is Picasso's collage, Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper.
Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper - collager by Picasso
YouTube video - Picasso biography (4:52 min.)
TUESDAY - Picasso and collage
Collage is an artwork made up of assorted materials glued to a paper, board, or canvas. The materials used are determined by the artist. Some collages have included newspaper clippings, photographs, pieces of fabric, and solid objects among many other things.
A collage by Picasso
A collage by Braque
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were the first to use collage as a method for creating innovative art. They came up with the name "collage" from the French verb "coller" which means "to glue" or "to stick". Collage revolutionized modern art.
Picasso collage - Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper
Our artwork of the week, Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper, is created from printed papers and ink on paper. The newspaper clipping was already thirty years old when Picasso chose it for his collage, so perhaps he wanted it to have a yellowed appearance.
YouTube video - Picasso's Collage Materials (1:51 min.)
WEDNESDAY - Collage from papers
Picasso’s early collages often used wallpapers and newspapers.
For his 1912 collage, Still Life With Chair Caning, he glued oil cloth printed with a chair-cane pattern to the surface, added newspaper, and glued a piece of rope around the oval canvas.
Henri Matisse created collages out of paper. he painted the paper bright colors and then cut shapes out it which he glued together to form an artwork.
Jean Metzinger collage and oil painting
This artwork combines oil painting and collage.
YouTube video - materials to use for a collage (1:15 min.)
THURSDAY - Relief collage
Joseph Cornell relief collage
Collages are not always flat such as Picasso’s Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper or Matisse’s cut-out paper collages. Relief collages use three-dimensional objects that are glued, nailed, stapled, or sewn to a flat base such as a board.
Wood collage by Jane Frank
Wood-relief collages create art by arranging pieces of wood or wood shavings and scraps to a canvas or board.
Relief collages can be made out of anything. Megan Hovany mades relief collages out of cardboard, such as this mural for the Chicago Children’s Museum.
John Chamberlain relief collage
Found objects can be used to make a relief collage
YouTube video - Abstract collages (3:30 min.)
FRIDAY - Photomontage
Collage made from photographs, or parts of photographs, is called photomontage. A photomontage combines photos to make one.
Max Ernst collage
Raoul Hausmann collage
An art movement in Germany known as Dada used photomontage to protest during World War I.
Hannah Hoch photomontage
Hannah Hoch photomontage
Dada artists used collage to produce sometimes bizarre art.
Peter Kennard photomontage
Photomontage was used by by Surrealists and Pop artists.
This photomontage was done by Mrs. Hurdle. It combines photos from magazines to create one busy, bizarre room.
This collage combines photos with drawing. All kinds of possibilities exist for an artist using this method.
YouTube video - Magazine Collage Demo(2:06 min.)
YouTube video - Making a collage for children (:56 sec.)