Like an insect frozen in amber, Pompeii gives us a moment from over 2000 years ago. The city was sealed like a time capsule when Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the city and many of its citizens in ash and volcanic pumice stone in the year A.D. 79.
Volcano FACT: The longer it has been since a volcano has erupted, the greater and more severe the eruption will be when it finally does erupt. Vesuvius had been quiet for years and years.
Pompeii was a prosperous trading port of 20,000 people. Many living there were rich. Even Rome's Caesars (what they called their rulers) often vacationed in Pompeii with hundreds of other wealthy Romans. They enjoyed the arts and had lavish houses. That would forever change when Vesuvius erupted.